Internet and its Software Components & Internet Addresses

explanation of Internet and its software components and Internet addresses point by point with examples:

Software Components Types - YouTube

Internet and its Software Components:

  1. World Wide Web (WWW) – A series of interconnected webpages and archives that are accessed the usage of the internet. Example: Google.com.
  2. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) – A protocol used to switch information over the internet, in particular for net browsing. Example: http://www.wikipedia.org.
  3. File Transfer Protocol (FTP) – A protocol used to switch documents between computer systems on the internet. Example: ftp://ftp.microsoft.com.
  4. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) – A protocol used to ship and obtain e-mail messages on the internet. Example: smtp.gmail.com.
  5. Domain Name System (DNS) – A device that interprets area names into IP addresses to facilitate verbal exchange over the internet. Example: www.example.com.
  6. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) – A protocol used to set up and preserve connections between gadgets on the internet, making sure dependable records transfer. Example: tcp://www.example.com.
  7. User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – A protocol used to ship and get hold of datagrams over the internet, presenting a quicker and extra environment friendly information switch in contrast to TCP. Example: udp://www.example.com.
  8. Secure Sockets Layer/Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) – A protocol used to encrypt information transmitted over the internet, making sure tightly closed communication. Example: https://www.example.com.

Internet Addresses:

How to Find Your IP Address | PCMag

  • IP Address – A numerical label assigned to every system linked to the internet, used to discover and talk with that device. Example: 192.168.0.1.
  • Uniform Resource Locator (URL) – A string of characters that specifies the vicinity of a useful resource on the internet, which includes the protocol and area name. Example: https://www.amazon.com.
  • Domain Name – A human-readable label that represents an IP tackle or a crew of IP addresses. Example: www.google.com.
  • Internet Service Provider (ISP) – A agency that affords web get right of entry to to folks and organizations. Example: Comcast.
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) – A protocol used to mechanically assign IP addresses and different community settings to units on a network. Example: dhcp.example.com.
  • Subnet Mask – A 32-bit quantity that divides an IP tackle into community and host portions, enabling environment friendly routing of community traffic. Example: 255.255.255.0.
  • Internet Protocol model 6 (IPv6) – A more recent model of the IP addressing machine that permits for a large address area and increased security. Example: 2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334.
  • Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) – A string of characters used to pick out and discover a aid on the internet, together with the protocol, area name, and useful resource path. Example: https://www.example.com/index.html.

Understanding these net elements and addresses is fundamental for developing, maintaining, and securing internet-based structures and applications.

Leave a Comment