Network topology refers to the bodily or logical association of gadgets and their interconnections in a network. This kind of topology connects two units without delay with every other. It is the easiest and most primary shape of community topology.
Examples of point-to-point topology encompass a direct cable connection between two computer systems or a modem connection between a laptop and a faraway server.
Types of network topologies
There are several types of network topologies, including:
- Bus Topology: In this topology, all units are linked to a single conversation line, known as a bus. One stop of the bus is normally terminated with a resistor to forestall sign reflection. An instance of bus topology is the Ethernet LAN, the place all units are related to a single cable.
- Star Topology: This topology consists of a central hub or change that connects all gadgets in the network. The units are linked to the hub by separate cables. An instance of superstar topology is the cutting-edge neighborhood region community (LAN), the place all gadgets are related to a central switch.
- Ring Topology: In this topology, all units are related in a closed loop. Each gadget is related to its adjoining devices, forming a ring. An instance of ring topology is the IBM Token Ring LAN, the place units are linked in a ring, and facts is surpassed round the ring in one direction.
- Mesh Topology: In this topology, each system is related to each different machine in the network. This makes mesh topology the most strong and fault-tolerant of all community topologies. An example of mesh topology is the Internet, the place routers are linked to every different to shape a world network.